IOM Global Corner:

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration


Persons whose application for asylum has been rejected, third-country nationals (TCNs) who have found themselves in an irregular situation (who hold an expired visa or an expired residence permit) have an obligation to leave Lithuania. According to the EU and Lithuanian legislation such persons should be granted the opportunity to leave the country voluntarily. However, it often happens that migrants cannot afford to do it on their own.  And thus, they might be subject for forced return to their countries of origin. Therefore, the assisted voluntary return is often the only humane and safe opportunity to return to the country of origin for unsuccessful asylum seekers or TCNs who found themselves in an irregular situation. In order to prevent recurring irregular and/or failed migration IOM may provide reintegration assistance, the purpose of which is to help migrants to establish themselves back in their home countries.

International Organization for Migration Vilnius office has been providing assisted voluntary return for more than 16 years. Apart from the main activities - the assisted voluntary return and reintegration programme, IOM Vilnius office also contributes to the capacity building of the practitioners and the development of inter-institutional cooperation among institutions involved in the voluntary return process.  

Main activities 

Provision of the voluntary return assistance for TCNs, including vulnerable persons. During the last 5 years IOM Vilnius office has provided the voluntary return assistance for more than 290 people.
Provision of reintegration assistance for migrants, who had returned voluntarily to their country of origin. Over the duration of the programme more than 60 people have benefited from the reintegration programme.
Organisation of seminars, conferences and other events for institutions involved in the voluntary return process in order to strengthen their capacities and ensure smooth cooperation. During the last 5 years more than 30 seminars, trainings and conferences, 4 regional consultations and more than 13 study visits to various countries have been organised. 
Studies and analyses of the reintegration opportunities in the countries of origin. During the 5 year period studies on the reintegration opportunities in Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, as well as in the Central Asia have been conducted. 
- Dissemination of the relevant information about voluntary return and reintegration programme: distributing information brochures, posters, leaflets, video and film screening, meetings with the target group, diplomatic missions, partners and other interested bodies and individuals. 


More information available at


The programme is financed by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund and from the state budget of the Republic of Lithuania. Project will last from March 2016 until March 2019.